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Andrew Maimone Dissertation Defense

April 8, 2015 @ 1:30 pm - 3:30 pm

Computational See-Through Near-Eye Displays

Abstract:

See-through near-eye displays with the form factor and field of view of eyeglasses are a natural choice for augmented reality systems: the non-encumbering size enables casual and extended use and large field of view enables general-purpose spatially registered applications. However, designing displays with these attributes is currently an open problem. Support for enhanced realism through mutual occlusion and the focal depth cues is also not found in eyeglasses-like displays.

This dissertation provides a new strategy for eyeglasses-like displays that follows the principles of computational displays, devices that rely on software as a fundamental part of image formation. Such devices allow more hardware simplicity and flexibility, showing greater promise of meeting form factor and field-of-view goals while enhancing realism. This computational approach is realized in two novel and complementary see-through near-eye display designs. The first subtractive approach filters omnidirectional light through a set of optimized patterns displayed on a stack of spatial light modulators, reproducing a light field corresponding to in-focus imagery. The design is thin and scales to wide fields of view; see-through operation is achieved with transparent components placed directly in front of the eye. Preliminary support for focal cues and environment occlusion is also demonstrated. The second additive approach uses structured point light illumination to form an image with a near minimal set of rays. Each of an array of defocused point light sources is modulated by a region of a spatial light modulator, essentially encoding an image in the focal blur. See-through operation is also achieved with transparent components, and thin form factors and wide fields of view >100 degrees are demonstrated.

The designs are examined in theoretical terms, in simulation, and through prototype hardware with public demonstrations. This analysis shows that the proposed computational near-eye display designs offer a significantly different set of trade-offs than conventional optical designs. Several challenges remain to make the designs practical, most notably addressing diffraction limits.

 

DISSERTATION ADVISOR:   Henry Fuchs – fuchs@cs.unc.edu

Details

Date:
April 8, 2015
Time:
1:30 pm - 3:30 pm
Event Category:

Venue

141 Brooks Building (FB141)
Brooks Computer Science Building, S. Columbia St.
Chapel Hill, NC 27599 United States
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